Galvanising Science for Art’s Sake
India’s first auction house to adopt globally recognised Scientific Examination Processes so as to strengthen market confidence against fake art.
Kolkata,January 2022: In yet another first after the Artists Resale Royalty (ARR) Framework was introduced in the auction house’s inaugural online sale, now top quality scientific examinations, such as Technical Photographic Analysis, is to become the norm in the Auction House’s due diligence and cataloguing processes from the second auction on 25th February 2022.
The scientific examination is based on studying the physical characteristics of the painting under different spectra of light. The range is from the visible to the non-visible part (e.g. Infra-red and ultra violet). Each light source enhances or allows different features to be highlighted, the outcome is then interpreted based on an understanding of the medium and technique. Micro and macro images help in highlighting other aspects of material and technique.
Various important paintings underwent this examination, including the baselessly maligned M. F. Husain “Horses playing with the Sun” (Oil on canvas, 1970) painting. This painting has been examined in detail following listed methods of imaging and the observations were noted.
‘The main findings are consistent with known attributes of the artist–M.F. Husain. There is no under-drawing or changes in composition. The painting has been executed over a very short time of one to three sittings. The drawing has been laid with a brown colour strengthened with black. The background has been filled in with a diluted colour applied with a brush. The brush strokes in the background can be seen in IR transmitted light. A medium (oil) rich yellowish grey colour has been applied to fill the body area of the horses. Over this the white stroke shave been applied with a wide brush to provide the modulation. These strokes are forceful and assured as the wet under layer does not show in these strokes. In some areas the artist has used a palette knife. The black strokes have been reinforced and the other areas of the painting also filled in. The drying pattern of the paint layer particularly the black areas suggests that the painting has been executed atleast over a decade or more ago.’
Commenting on the decision to bring science to serve the arts, Neville Tuli, Chief Mentor, said, “deRivaz & Ives’ effort to publicly share indepth scientific examinations of artworks is a paradigm shift in the learning curve for the Indian art market. For over a decade the market has refused or been unable to introduce credible scientific analysis so as to bolster market confidence in the authenticity of important artworks by the modern masters. Many uninformed opinions which gained media traction would have been avoided if even technical photographic analysis had been introduced as part of the due diligence methodology and cataloguing processes. Let us now hope that a new understanding emerges and other institutions also follow this lead. It is expensive, time consuming, requiring top quality expertise but well worth it especially given many collectors now never get to physically examine the artworks in detail for most online sales.”
deRivaz and Ives held its maiden Online Auction of Modern Indian Art last weekend which Auctioned a respectful INR 11.86 crores of modern Indian fine arts, with Jehangir Sabavala, Prabhakar Barwe and F.N. Souza leading the way.